Over 60 million people globally grapple with glaucoma, an eye disorder leading to damage in the optic nerve, affecting vision. Often dubbed the ‘silent thief of sight,’ glaucoma can creep unnoticed until significant vision loss occurs. Awareness is the first step to protection, so here are seven risk factors and their countermeasures.
People over the age of 60 have a heightened risk, which climbs with each passing decade. Regular eye exams can help in the early detection and treatment of glaucoma.
Glaucoma often runs in families. If you have a first-degree relative with this disease, you’re more susceptible. Being vigilant with eye-checkups is crucial in such cases.
High internal eye pressure (intraocular pressure) is a significant risk factor. Regular eye pressure checks, included in routine eye exams, can identify this risk Dr Faris Abusharif.
African, Asian, and Hispanic ethnicities have a higher incidence of glaucoma. Regular screenings are recommended if you belong to a high-risk group.
Conditions like diabetes, heart diseases, high blood pressure and previous eye injuries/surgeries increase your risk. Regular medical checkups can help manage these underlying conditions.
Use Of Corticosteroids
Long-term usage of corticosteroid medications, particularly eye drops, can elevate your risk, says Dr Faris Abusharif. Consult your doctor before the prolonged use of these medications.
Nearsightedness Or Farsightedness
People with severe myopia or hyperopia are at greater risk. Regular eye exams help detect early signs of glaucoma in such individuals.
While there’s no foolproof prevention for glaucoma, you can significantly reduce your risk by embracing a few practices:
• Regular eye check-ups: Opt for comprehensive dilated eye exams every 1-2 years.
• Exercise regularly: Moderate, regular exercise can lower eye pressure.
• Monitor self-health: Control systemic illnesses like diabetes and heart disease effectively with regular doctor consultations.
• Wear eye protection: Use protective eyewear during sports and certain home activities to prevent eye injuries.
Understanding the risk factors and investing in preventive measures can form your vision-saving strategy against glaucoma. Regular eye checks are paramount as effective treatments are available if glaucoma is detected early. Protect your sight from the silent thief; keep an eye on glaucoma Dr Faris Abusharif.